Florida State University General Bulletin 1998-1999

FSU Homepage Office of the Registrar On-Line Registration 1997-1999 Graduate Bulletin Table of Contents

Academic Departments and Programs (course descriptions)


Department of CIVIL ENGINEERING

FAMU-FSU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Chair: J. W. Wekezer;
Professors: Dzurik, Hall, Nnaji;
Associate Professors: Leszczynska, Ping, Tawfiq, Yazdani;
Assistant Professors: Barger, Huang, Mtenga, Sobanjo, Spainhour;
Adjunct Faculty: Bhuvasorakul, Issa, Keel, Putcha, Sherman;
Visiting Professor: Wekezer

The Department of Civil Engineering has the mission of teaching the fundamentals of civil engineering science, analysis, design, and management to enable students to assume careers as professional engineers, to conduct basic and applied research to improve the state of knowledge of civil engineering, to serve as a source of information and advice to the community on engineering matters, and to assist in the technology transfer to, and the continuing education of, professional engineers and other interested individuals in the public and private sector. In performing this mission, the department has a special task to provide opportunities for a civil engineering education for minorities and women.

Opportunities and Facilities

Civil engineers have a primary role in creating the built environment and in the protection of the natural environment. They bring together science and art to help create much of the tangible fabric of modern society. They plan, design, construct, and operate buildings, highways, airports, pipelines, bridges, dams and levees, irrigation works, water supply systems, wastewater treatment systems, and various other components of the built environment. The scope of civil engineering also includes responsibilities for environmental and social impact, which has taken on greater importance as our society has learned to articulate its concerns about urban problems, environmental quality, energy, and improvement of the quality of life. Engineers who wish to specialize in the area of these environmental needs are responsible for the design of facilities whose functions include the treatment of water for drinking as well as the disposal, treatment or remediation of sewerage, solid wastes, hazardous wastes, outdoor and indoor air pollution. Civil and environmental engineers may often find themselves involved in many of the public work projects funded by federal, state, and municipal governments, as well as those within the private sector.

Instructional equipment includes the MTS structures and material testing systems with computer control for data acquisition and analysis; triaxial, CBR, and shear testing equipment and seismographs for in situ and laboratory measurements of engineering properties of soils and rocks; and a self-contained glass-sided tilting flume for investigations of flow phenomena and sediment transport. A complete stand-alone automated data acquisition and analysis system is available for undergraduate student laboratory work and research. A fully equipped water-quality testing lab and portable field testing kits are used both for classroom teaching and for student research and design projects.

In addition to the central computing facility available through the university, the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering maintains its own cluster of Sun workstations connected through the local network. Civil Engineering students are provided with an access to the network through several computer laboratories supported by the College. In addition, the Civil Engineering Department maintains its own Advanced Computer Laboratory with Sun workstations and high end personal computers. The lab is available to graduate and selected undergraduate civil engineering students, who are working as research assistants with faculty on research projects. Additional information about the Department can be obtained from its home page: http://www.eng.fsu.edu/civil/civil.html.

Programs Offered

The department offers a program of study leading to the bachelor of science (BS) degree in civil engineering. Students may choose one of two options within this degree program. The first is a broad-based BS degree in civil engineering emphasizing all aspects of civil engineering pratice, including structural analysis/design, geotechnical, transportation, hydraulics, water resources, and environmental engineering. The second is a specialized environmental engineering option that focuses on environmental engineering, hydraulics, hydrology, water resources, and the managment of all waste streams. The two options have in common many of the basic civil engineering courses (see the course listings in this catalog). Regardless of the option chosen, all students are taught to apply state-of-the-art technologies to the solutions of problems in these areas.

In addition to the BS degree, the department offers a program leading to the master of science (MS) degree in engineering. This program provides areas of concentration in structural, geotechnical, transportation, and water resources/environmental engineering. A bachelors degree in engineering, a 3.0 grade point average (GPA) in the last two years of undergraduate school, and a Graduate Record Examinations score of 1000 are required for admission to the program. Exceptions may be granted where other evidence indicates an ability to do satisfactory graduate work. A student without a bachelors degree in civil engineering may be required to complete undergraduate engineering courses prior to attempting more advanced work. For more details, refer to the Graduate Bulletin.

Engineering Design

Following engineering design criteria established by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology (ABET), the civil engineering curricula provide excellent design experiences for students. Faculty of the civil engineering department carefully integrate design components in the curriculum with increasing complexity as students progress toward graduation. These design components offer opportunities for students to work individually and in teams on meaningful engineering design experiences building upon the fundamental concepts of mathematics, basic sciences, humanities, social sciences, engineering topics, and communication skills. Design components in engineering course work help students develop an appreciation for the variety of course material they have been required to study and the ultimate development of solutions and designs for real engineering problems.

Students must complete a total of eighteen (18) design credits during their program of study which can be achieved by completing required civil engineering courses and limited and free technical electives as set forth by the civil and environmental options. Additional information about design credits can be obtained by contacting civil engineering faculty advisors and from departmental brochures available from the civil engineering office.

Beginning with EGN 1382 Engineering Concepts, most often taken in Students' sophomore or junior years, design components are integrated in the curriculum with the majority of design credits appearing in courses taken by students in their senior year, thus focusing students attention on professional practice.

For example, design experience is expanded vertically in the civil option curriculum when students complete EGN 3311 Vector Statics, and progress to EGN 3331 Strength of Materials and then to CES 3100 Structural Analysis I. The senior design courses, CES 4702 Concrete I and CES 4605 Steel Design, allow for culminating design experiences in the civil option. The environmental option includes ENV 4001 Environmental Engineering which builds on material covered in CWR 3201 Hydraulics, and is followed by CWR 4202 Hydraulic Engineering I and CWR 4101 Engineering Hydrology. ENV 4809 Senior Environmental Engineering Design Experience provides a significant design experience as applicable to one or two environmental problems. The department plans to offer ENV 4809 Senior Civil Engineering Design Experience beginning Spring 1998 as a culminating design experience for both options.

Students must take the Fundamentals of Engineering/Engineer In Training (FE/EIT) exam as an undergraduate degree requirement and are encouraged to take the civil discipline exam during their senior year.

State of Florida Common Course Prerequisites

The State of Florida has identified common course prerequisites for this University degree program. These prerequisites are lower-level courses that are required for preparation for the University major prior to a student receiving a baccalaureate degree from The Florida State University. They may be taken either at a community college or in a university lower-division program. It is preferred that these common course prerequisites be completed in the freshman and sophomore years.

The following lists the common course prerequisites or approved substitutions necessary for this degree program:

  1. CHM X045/X045L;
  2. CHM X046;
  3. ENC X101;
  4. ENC X102;
  5. MAC X311;
  6. MAC X312;
  7. MAC X313;
  8. MAP X302
  9. PHY X048/X048L
  10. PHY X049/X049L
  11. Six (6) semester hours in humanities;
  12. Six (6) semseter hours in social science;
  13. Three (3) additional semester hours in humanities or social science.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering: Civil Engineering Option

In addition to college requirements, a candidate for the BS degree in the civil engineering option will be expected to successfully complete the following requirements:

Mathematics and Basic Sciences

EGN 2210 Introductory Engineering Numerical Modeling (3)

EGN 3443 Statistical Topics in Engineering (3)

Basic Engineering Science and Design

EEL 3003 Introduction to Electrical Engineering (3)

EGN 1382 Engineering Concepts (3)

EGN 2123 Computer Graphics for Engineers (2)

EGN 3311 Civil Engineering Mechanics I (3)

EGN 3XXX Civil Engineering Mechanics II (3)

EGN 3331 Strength of Materials I (3)

EGN 3331L Strength of Materials Laboratory (1)

EGN 3613 Principles of Engineering Economy (2)

EML 3100 Thermodynamics (2)

Civil Engineering Science and Design

CCE 3101 Construction Materials (3)

CCE 3101L Construction Materials Laboratory (1)

CEG 2202 Site Investigation (3)

CEG 3011 Soil Mechanics (3)

CEG 3011L Soil Mechanics Laboratory (1)

CES 3100 Structural Analysis I (3)

CGN 4802 Civil Engineering Senior Design Project (3)

CWR 3201 Hydraulics (3)

CWR 3201L Hydraulics Laboratory (1)

EES 3040 Introduction to Environmental Engineering (3)

EES 3040L Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science Laboratory (1)

TTE 3004 Transportation Engineering (3)

In addition students should sucessfully complete one (1) of the following two courses:

CES 4605 Steel Design (3)

CES 4702 Concrete Design (3)

Limited Technical Electives

Students are required to successfully complete three (3) courses from the following list:

CCE 4004 Construction Engineering (3)

CEG 4801 Geotechnical Design (3)

CWR 4202 Hydraulic Engineering I (3)

ENV 4001 Environmental Engineering (3)

TTE 4804 Highway Geometric Design (3)

Free Technical Electives

Students should complete a total of nine (9) semester hours. One free technical elective must be CGN 4802 Civil Engineering Senior Design Project.

Students must achieve a grade of C or better in all transfer courses and in all courses that are prerequisites to any required or elective engineering course.

Students are urged to contact their advisers or the student affairs coordinator for the most current information on the civil engineering requirements for the undergraduate and graduate programs.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering: Environmental Engineering Option

In addition to college requirements, a candidate for the BS degree in the environmental engineering option will be expected to successfully complete the following course requirements:

Mathematics and Basic Sciences:

EGN 2210 Introductory Engineering Numerical Modeling (3)

EGN 3443 Statistical Topics in Engineering (3)

Basic Engineering Science and Design

EEL 3003 Introduction to Electrical Engineering (3)

EGM 3512 Engineering Mechanics (4)

EGN 1382 Engineering Concepts (3)

EGN 2123 Computer Graphics for Engineers (2)

EGN 3331 Strength of Materials (3)

EML 3100 Thermodynamics (2)

Environmental Engineering Science and Design

CEG 2202 Site Investigation (3)

CEG 3011 Soil Mechanics (3)

CEG 3011L Soil Mechanics Laboratory (1)

CES 3100 Structural Analysis I (3)

CWR 3201 Hydraulics (3)

CWR 3201L Hydraulics Laboratory (1)

CWR 4101 Engineering Hydrology (3)

CWR 4202 Hydraulic Engineering I (3)

EES 2205C Environmental Engineering Chemistry (4)

EES 3040 Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science (3)

EES 3040L Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science Laboratory (1).

ENV 4001 Environmental Engineering (3)

ENV 4809 Senior Environmental Engineering Design Experience (3)

Limited Technical Electives

Students are required to successfully complete three (3) courses from the following list:

XXX XXXX One upper division CE course (3)

CWR 4203 Hydraulic Engineering II (3)

ENV 4500 Environmental Engineering Processes and Operations (3)

ENV 4341 Solid and Hazardous Waste Engineering (3)

ENV 4561 Design of Water Quality Management Facility (3)

Free Technical Electives

Students should complete a total of six (6) semester hours. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in all transfer courses and in all courses that are prerequisites to any required or elective engineering course. Students are urged to contact their advisers or the student affairs coordinator for the most current information on the civil engineering requirements for the undergraduate and graduate programs.

Definition of Prefixes

CCE - Civil Construction Engineering

CEG - Civil Engineering

CES - Civil Engineering: Structures

CGN - Civil Engineering

CWR - Civil Water Resources

EES - Environmental Engineering Science

EGN - General Engineering

ENV - Environmental Engineering

TTE - Transportation and Traffic Engineering

Undergraduate Courses

CCE 3101. Construction Materials (3). Prerequisite: EGN 3331. Properties and characteristics of construction materials for civil and highway engineering; metals, aggregates, cements, timber, concrete, and asphalt. Design of Portland cement concrete and asphaltic concrete mixtures.

CCE 3101L. Construction Materials Laboratory (1). Prerequisite or Corequisite: CCE 3101. Prepare concrete and asphalt specimens; test construction materials under compression, tension, torsion loading. Write formal laboratory reports.

CCE 4004. Construction Engineering (3). Prerequisites: EGN 3613; CCE 3101. Introduction to the theory and principles of engineering management and project control. Emphasis on predesign, planning, scheduling, contracts and specification, construction methods, and equipment and safety.

CEG 2202C. Site Investigation (3). Prerequisites: MAC 1113, 1140. Presenting methods and procedures of surface mapping and subsurface sectioning including distance measurements, traverse computations and topographic mapping, concept of photogrammetry, data collection, landform and terrain analysis, field instrumentation, and characterization of geologic materials.

CEG 3011. Soil Mechanics (3). Prerequisites: EGN 3331; CEG 2202. Study of the properties of soils and their behavior under stress and strain under idealized conditions. Deviations from idealized conditions are discussed.

CEG 3011L. Soil Mechanics Laboratory (1). Prerequisite or Corequisite: CEG 3011. Determine physical and mechanical properties of different types of soil using laboratory and field testing techniques. Write formal report on experiments.

CEG 4111. Foundation Engineering (3). Prerequisite: CEG 4801. Design of spread footings, pile and caisson foundations, retaining structures, and waterfront structures. Investigation of slope stability. Choice between alternative designs.

CEG 4801. Geotechnical Design (3). Prerequisites: CEG 2202, 3011; CES 3100. Design of different geotechnical structures including shallow and deep foundations, slopes and embankments, rigid and flexible pavement, earth retaining structures and excavations, drainage and dewatering facilities, and earthwork with geosynthetics.

CES 3100. Structural Analysis I (3). Prerequisite: EGN 3311; Corequisite: EGN 3331. Loads on structures. Reactions, shear, and bending moment. Trusses. Influence lines. Deflection of determinate structures.

CES 4101r.Advanced Structural Analysis (3). Prerequisites: CES 3100; EGN 3331. Review of matrix algebra. Direct stiffness method for truss analysis. Computer applications. Statically indeterminate structures. Slope-deflection and moment distribution methods. Computer modeling of structures. May be repeated to a maximum of six (6) semester hours.

CES 4330.Optimal Structural Engineering (3). Prerequisites: CES 4605, 4702; EGN 2210; MAP 3305. Course covers standard theories of structural design plus classical optimization and latest structural optimization methods.

CES 4605. Steel Design (3). Prerequisite: CES 3100. Design of tension, compression, and flexual steel member according to AISC specifications and LRED approach. Bolted and welded connections for steel members. Choice between design alternatives, introduction of plastic design methods.

CES 4702. Concrete Design (3). Prerequisite: CES 3100. Design of reinforced concrete beams, columns, one-way and two-way slabs, slender columns under biaxial bending, etc. Design for torsion and bond. Choice between design alternatives.

CES 4704.Advanced Concrete Design (3). Prerequisites: CES 3100, 4702; EGN 3331. Advanced topics pertaining to complex reinforced concrete elements and structures. The analysis and design of beams for torsion, biaxial and long columns, two-way slabs, shear walls, plates and shell design.

CES 4711. Prestressed Concrete (3). Prerequisite: CES 4702. Theoretical background of prestressed concrete. Losses in prestressing. Design of prestressed concrete beams and slabs. Serviceability of prestressed concrete members. Precast members.

CES 4800.Timber Design (3). Prerequisite: CES 3100. Design of basic timber structures using the NDS specifications.

CES 4830.Masonry Design (3). Prerequisite: CES 3100. Design of basic reinforced masonry structures using the UBC code.

CGN 3949r. Cooperative Work Experience (0). (S/U grade only.)

CGN 4802.Civil Engineering Senior Design Project (3). A capstone senior level design course integrating the knowledge gained in undergraduate studies. Completion of a team-based design project covering several sub-disciplines in civil engineering. Industry participation.

CWR 3201. Hydraulics (3). Prerequisites: EGN 3311, 3321; MAP 3305. Fundamental concepts of fluid properties, hydrostatics, kinematics, ideal flow viscous effects, transport phenomena; drag, laminar, and turbulent flow in pipes and channels; dimensional analysis, network design.

CWR 3201L. Hydraulics Laboratory (1). Prerequisites: EGN 3311, 3321; MAP 3305. Corequisite: CWR 3201. Participation in hydraulics experiments and demonstrations and reporting experimental results in formal technical reports.

CWR 4101. Engineering Hydrology (3). Prerequisites: CWR 3201, 3201L; EGN 2210; or their equivalents. Study of the processes of the hydrologic cycle, hydrologic analyses for the planning and design of water management systems, use of application program packages.

CWR 4103.Water Resources Engineering (3). Prerequisites: EGN 2210, 3613; CWR 4202. Systems approach to complex water resources problems; application of systems analysis of water resources operations, design, and planning.

CWR 4202. Hydraulic Engineering I (3). Prerequisites: CWR 3201, 3201L; EGN 2210; or their equivalents. Review principles of hydrology and hydraulics. Apply principles to design of water supply, urban drainage, flood control, and hydraulic energy conversion systems. Choice between computer-aided design of hydraulics systems.

CWR 4203.Hydraulic Engineering II(3). Prerequisite: CWR 4202. Presents advanced hydraulic concepts and their incorporation into the design process.

EES 2205C.Environmental Engineering Chemistry (4). Prerequisites: CHM 1045, 1045L. Explores the application of fundamental chemistry principles to major environmental processes and problems. An emphasis is placed upon the chemistry of treatment processes for air, upon water and soil pollutants, hazardous waste identification and treatment, and upon toxicological chemistry.

EES 3040.Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science (3). Prerequisite: CHM 1045. Course addresses environmental and health impacts of technology from ancient to modern civilization; technology and human values; human and environmental ethics; social responsibility; environmental and health issues; application of environmental and health sciences; quantification and forecasting of environmental and health conditions; costs and benefits of new technologies.

EES 3040L.Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science Laboratory (1). Prerequisite: CHM 1045. Corequisite: EES 3040. The use of field and laboratory instruments for measuring air and water quality indicators. Includes site visits.

EGN 1382. Engineering Concepts (3). Prerequisites: MAC 1105, 1113. Introduction to the profession of civil engineering. Discussion of the engineering design process from problem formulation to the evaluation of creative design through case studies. Introduction to computer programming with emphasis on the utility and significance of the use of computing devices in engineering practice.

EGN 2210. Introductory Engineering Numerical Modeling (3). Prerequisites: EGN 1382; MAC 2311. Students will learn to formulate mathematical models of processes and systems in engineering, to develop solution algorithms, and obtain numerical.

EGN 3311. Civil Engineering Mechanics I (3). Prerequisites: MAC 2312; PHY 2048C. Statics of particles, equivalent systems, equilibrium, analysis of frames and machines, internal forces in flexural members, centroids and center of gravity.

EGN 3321.Vector Dynamics (3). Prerequisite: EGN 3311. Vector mathematics treatment of absolute and relative motion of particles and rigid bodies in translating and rotating frames of reference.

EGN 3331. Strength of Materials (3). Prerequisite: EGN 3311. Stresses and strains. Mohrs circle. Stress concentrations. Pressure vessels. Safety factors. Engineering applications.

EGN 3331L.Strength of Materials Laboratory (1). Prerequisite: EGN 3311, 3331. The laboratory will use practical, hands-on experience to supplement and expand upon the theoretical material presented in the lecture class. The laboratory experiments will be scheduled so that the relevant labs are conducted approximately one week after the corresponding material has been presented in the lecture class. Main topics to be covered include: stress-strain relationship, tensile members, members under torsion, flexural behavior, thin walled vessels and column buckling.

EGN 4906r. Directed Individual Study (1-3). Directed special project/research in an area of civil engineering science or design not covered in the curriculum. This course may be repeated.

ENV 4001.Environmental Engineering (3). Prerequisites: EES 3040, 3040L; Corequisite: CWR 4202. Treatment of water supplies and wastewater; wastewater collection systems; air pollution; solid waste management; contemporary environmental issues.

ENV 4041. Environmental Systems Analysis (3). Prerequisites: EES 3040, 3040L; MAC 3311. Systems analysis techniques applied to the solution of environmental problems, with particular emphasis on linear and dynamic programming.

ENV 4053.Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment (3). Prerequisites: CWR 3201 or equivalent; EES 3040. Study of the processes of pollutant chemicals transformation in and transport between air, water and soil or sediments. Use and development of predictive mathematical models for the remediation of existing contaminated sites or prevention of future contamination from new sources.

ENV 4341.Solid and Hazardous Waste Engineering (3). Prerequisite: EES 3040. Course covers definitions and characteristics of solid and hazardous wastes. History, growth and magnitude of the problem. Legislative, regulatory, and technical aspects of waste generation, storage, collection, transportation, processing, transformation and disposal. Design of waste minimization and recycling programs. Case studies of waste management.

ENV 4500.Environmental Unit Processes and Operations (3). Prerequisite: ENV 4001; Corequisite: CWR 4202. The operational and design features of the physical, chemical, thermal, and biological treatments used in engineering for the management of solid and hazardous waste.

ENV 4561. Design of Water Quality Management Facilities (3). Prerequisites: CWR 4202; EGN 2210; EES 3040, 3040L. Analysis of operations, processes, and systems used in the design of facilities for maintaining water supply quality, wastewater control, and aquatic pollution control. Design of wastewater treatment plants and systems for disposal of residuals from such facilities.

ENV 4611. Environmental Impact Analysis (3). Prerequisites: EES 3040, 3040L. Analysis of various measures of environmental quality. Impact on different types of resources. Benefit-cost analysis in environmental impact assessment.

ENV 4809.Senior Environmental Engineering Design Experience (3). Prerequisite: ENV 4001; Corequisite: CWR 4202. Addresses the design process for engineered systems, operations and processes used in environmental engineering as well as professionalism, including ethical considerations, and the registration process. Course will cover estimation of environmental, economic, and other costs and benefits in the development and comparison of engineering alternatives. Course will discuss case studies, including site visits to inspect wastewater facilities, municipal solid waste landfills, incineration and composting sites, air pollution facilities and related environmental management systems. Term design project, oral and written, required.

TTE 3004. Transportation Engineering (3). Prerequisites: CEG 2202; EGN 2210; junior standing. An introductory study of all modes of transportation in the United States with special emphasis on highway planning and design, construction, operation, management, and safety.

TTE 4201.Traffic Engineering (3). Prerequisite: TTE 3004. Nature, characteristics, and theories of traffic problems. Traffic survey procedures, origin-destination studies. Introduction to theory and design of automatic control of traffic systems.

TTE 4250.Traffic Operations (3). Prerequisites: EGN 2210; TTE 3004. Operation of transportation systems, monitoring, regulation, and control traffic.

TTE 4804.Highway Geometric Design (3). Prerequisites: CEG 2202; TTE 3004. Principles and procedures for the geometric design of highways and streets: consideration of traffic, land use, and aesthetic factors.

Graduate Courses

CEG 5015. Advanced Soil Mechanics (3).

CEG 5065. Soil Dynamics (3).

CEG 5127. Highway and Airport Pavement Design (3).

CEG 5415. Groundwater, Seepage, and Drainage (3).

CES 5105. Advanced Mechanics of Materials (3).

CES 5106. Advanced Structural Analysis (3).

CES 5144. Matrix Methods for Structural Analysis (3).

CES 5209. Structural Dynamics (3).

CES 5218. Fundamentals of Structural Stability Theory (3).

CES 5325. Bridge Engineering (3).

CES 5585. Earthquake/Wind Engineering (3).

CES 5606. Advanced Steel Design (3).

CES 5706. Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design (3).

CES 5715. Prestressed Concrete (3).

CES 6116. Finite Elements in Structure (3).

CGN 5315. Probabilistic Design in Civil Engineering (3).

CGN 5905r. Directed Individual Study (16). (S/U grade only.)

CGN 5910r. Supervised Research (16). (S/U grade only.)

CGN 5930r. Special Topics in Civil Engineering (16).

CGN 5971r. Masters Thesis (16). (S/U grade only.)

CGN 6972. Masters Thesis Defense (0). (S/U grade only.)

CWR 5205. Hydraulic Engineering II (3).

CWR 5515. Physical Models of Hydraulic Systems (3).

CWR 5516. Numeric Models in Hydraulics (3).

CWR 5635. Water Resources Planning and Management (3).

ENV 5045. Environmental Systems Analysis (3).

ENV 5055. Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment (3).

ENV 5105. Air Pollution Control (3).

ENV 5504. Environmental Engineering Processes and Operations (3).

ENV 5565. Design of Water Quality Management Facilities (3).

ENV 5615. Environmental Impact Analysis (3).

TTE 5205. Traffic Engineering (3).

TTE 5526. Airport Planning and Design (3).

TTE 5805. Highway Geometric Design (3).

For listings relating to graduate course work for thesis, dissertation, and masters and doctoral examinations and defense, consult the Graduate Bulletin.