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2017-2018 Graduate Bulletin

Department of Anthropology

College of Arts and Sciences

Web Page: http://www.anthro.fsu.edu/

Chair: Marrinan; Professor: Falk; Associate Professors: Dowell, Marrinan, Peres, Peters; Assistant Professor: Halligan; Professors Emeriti: Doran, Pohl; Courtesy Professors: Algee-Hewitt, Dunbar, Early, Hardeman, Hellweg, Keel, Miyar, Parsons, Prentice, Pullen, Russo, Schwadron, von Nagy

The Department of Anthropology offers graduate education for students with an interest in archaeology, physical anthropology, and cultural anthropology. Faculty members are concentrated on research in the Southeastern United States, Canada, Caribbean, and Mesoamerica. Course work and research experiences are available in prehistoric and historic archaeology, underwater archaeology, geoarchaeology, zooarchaeology, sociocultural anthropology, visual anthropology, ethnographic media production, Native American Studies, osteology, skeletal biology, forensic anthropology, computational biology, morphometrics, genetics and genomics, and human rights.

The Florida State University, through the Department of Anthropology, is the host institution for the Southeast Archeological Center (SEAC), which is responsible for archaeological research and collections from U.S. National Park Service installations throughout the southeastern United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The SEAC collections exceed three million items and span the period from Paleoindian to the twentieth century. The center offices and laboratories are located in Innovation Park, southwest of the main campus.

As the capital of the state, Tallahassee also is home to the Department of State, which is responsible for cultural resources in Florida. The Florida Master Site File, the Bureau of Archaeological Research, the National Register of Historic Places, and Florida Folklife Programs are administered by the Department of State. The U.S. Forest Service and the State Park Service have offices in Tallahassee. Students have found internships and employment in all of these agencies.

Training and field experience are available in archaeology (terrestrial and underwater), physical anthropology, forensic sciences, ethnology, and media studies. Programs sponsored by other University departments of interest to anthropology students include courses offered in Geographical Information Systems (Department of Geography), computational forensics (Scientific Computing), historical administration (Department of History), Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies (Department of Art History), ethnomusicology (College of Music), international and intercultural education program (College of Education), and the interdisciplinary program in Museum Studies.

General Information

Assistantships

Graduate assistantships are selected by the department for duties connected with instruction or research of mutual benefit to the University and the student. Only students with regular graduate student status are eligible for graduate assistantships. Special and provisional students are ineligible.

To remain eligible for an assistantship, a student must perform the assigned duties satisfactorily as determined by the director of the program and maintain a “good standing” status. The department’s criteria for “good standing” are:

  1. the student must not have received a grade below a “B” in any class,
  2. the student may not have any incomplete grades older than one semester, and
  3. the student must pass the departmental master’s comprehensive examinations or qualifying examinations on time.

No graduate student with less than a 3.0 cumulative grade point average is to be continued more than one term as a graduate assistant.

Assistantships are subject to the Constitution and laws of the State of Florida and the United States, the regulations of the University and the Collective Bargaining Agreement between Florida State University and the United Faculty of Florida - Florida State University - Graduate Assistants United (UFF-FSU-GAU). All graduate assistants at FSU work under the Collective Bargaining Agreement negotiated by the UFF-FSU-GAU and the Florida State University Board of Trustees. UFF-FSU-GAU is the labor union certified as the exclusive bargaining agent for graduate assistants at FSU. To find out more information about the UFF-FSU-GAU, or to join their action newsletter, visit http://fsugau.org or email info@fsugau.org.

Departmental Requirements for Master’s Degree

Requirements for Admission

The Department of Anthropology offers the thesis-type master of arts and master of science degrees. Acceptance into the degree program is based on satisfactory revised Graduate Record Examination (rGRE) scores of 150 on the Quantitative Reasoning section, 150 on the Verbal Reasoning section, and a 3.0 or better on the writing section, an undergraduate grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 or better, the applicant’s statement of interest and research objectives, three letters of recommendation, and available space within the program. For students whose native language is not English, an official TOEFL score of 80 is required by the University.

Course Work Requirements

Students should review all college-wide degree requirements summarized in the “College of Arts and Sciences” section of the current Graduate Bulletin. Each student seeking a master’s degree in the Department of Anthropology must satisfy the following specific course requirements:

  1. Completion of a minimum of thirty-one semester hours of graduate course credits, to include twenty-four hours of graded graduate credit with a “B-“ or better in each course (i.e., not to include courses taken S/U). Eighteen hours must be anthropology courses and all hours must be 5000-level courses. Special permission may be given to credit 4000-level courses toward this requirement in cases where there is not a 5000-level equivalent.
  2. Each student is required to take the following core courses:
    • ANG 5117 Core Seminar in Archaeology (3)
    • ANG 5493 Core Seminar in Cultural Anthropology (3)
    • ANG 5513 Core Seminar in Physical Anthropology (3)
  3. ANG 5002 Proseminar (1) should be taken during the first semester of the student’s graduate studies or as soon thereafter as possible.
  4. For the MA, completion of six semester hours of graduate credit in the humanities at the 5000 level. For the MS, completion of six hours in a related science field is recommended but not required.
  5. Students must also register for ANG 8966: Master’s Comprehensive Examination (0) during the Fall semester of their second year in the program. The examination will be administered during the week before Fall semester classes begin and graded during the first month of the Fall semester.
  6. Completion of ANG 5971: Master’s Thesis (1-6) (minimum of six semester hours; a maximum of six hours may be counted toward completion of credit hour requirements for the degree).
  7. During the semester in which the thesis is completed, students must register for ANG 5976: Master’s Thesis Defense (0).
  8. Fieldwork: Students concentrating in archaeology are encouraged to apprise themselves of the current standards of the Register of Professional Archaeologists (RPA) for certification at the completion of the Master’s degree.

University and College of Arts and Sciences Requirements

Students pursuing a thesis-type master’s degree must complete the following university and college requirements. Please see your departmental advisor for additional departmental requirements.

Total hours: Minimum thirty, of which at least eighteen must be taken on a letter-graded basis.

Time limit: Master’s students must complete all requirements for the degree within seven years of beginning coursework. (A student starting in Fall 2016 would have until the end of Summer 2023 to complete the master’s degree.)

GPA: A graduate student must have a minimum 3.0 cumulative graduate grade-point average (GPA) to be eligible for the degree.

Thesis hours/final term registration: Student must successfully complete a minimum of six hours of thesis credit and must be enrolled in a minimum of two hours of thesis credit during each term in which they are working on their thesis. This includes the term in which they graduate (even if they have already completed the minimum of six hours).

Thesis defense: Students writing a thesis must register for Thesis Defense and have a grade of “P” posted. Students should only register for defense once. If defense is not completed the term of registration, the grade will remain “I” (Incomplete) until successfully defended.

Special Master of Arts (MA) requirements: In addition to the requirements listed above, candidates for the Master of Arts degree must meet the following requirements:

  1. Proficiency in a foreign language demonstrated by satisfactory performance on the Graduate Reading Knowledge exam, or certification by the appropriate language department as proficient, or completion of twelve semester hours in a foreign language with an average grade of “B”, or four years of a single language in high school.
  2. Six or more semester hours of graduate credit in the following fields: art; classical language, literature, and civilization; English; history; humanities; modern languages and linguistics; music; philosophy; religion; and theatre.

Departmental Master’s Comprehensive Examination

The comprehensive examination will be scheduled once a year in August (the week before classes begin) and will test the student’s general comprehension of physical anthropology, archaeology and cultural anthropology. Graduate students are expected to take the examination upon the completion of the three core courses at the end of the first year in the graduate program. Those sections of the examination in which a candidate receives an average grade of 5.0 or less will be considered to have been failed and must be retaken. Failure of two or more sections requires a student to retake the entire examination. A student may retake a failed examination only once.

Graduate Reading Lists

Graduate reading lists in cultural anthropology, physical anthropology and archaeology are included as part of the graduate handbook.

Schedule of Classes

Usually by mid-semester, the department staff assembles the schedule of classes for the upcoming semester. The list will be available on-line by the university, however, the department version is available earlier and may be obtained from the Graduate Director.

A two-year proposed schedule of classes is included in the graduate handbook to facilitate planning. Please note however, that courses can change depending on faculty schedules and the teaching needs of the department. Some classes are offered with greater frequency than others. Many classes are on a two-to-three year rotation.

Plan of Course Work

The student, with his or her faculty advisor, should plot out several years of course work using the two-year proposed schedule of courses. This process should begin early in the Fall semester and should be updated or revised each semester. A copy of the form is included in the graduate handbook.

Thesis

The student shall choose a thesis committee consisting minimally of his or her major advisor and two additional regular faculty members, one of whom may be from another department within the university. Following the successful completion of the comprehensive examination, the student will present, within three months, a thesis prospectus to be approved and signed by his or her committee and placed on file in the department. This prospectus will contain a description of the proposed research and whatever other information and materials the student’s committee deems appropriate. The student will work with his/her committee to complete the thesis and meet for an oral defense of the thesis.

Graduate Students with an Interest in Underwater Archaeology

Underwater archaeology at FSU is focused upon the discovery, excavation, and interpretation of inundated terrestrial sites, and therefore is methodologically oriented towards geoarchaeology and earth sciences research.

Students entering the Department of Anthropology to earn the Master of Arts or Master of Science degree are advised that courses in underwater archaeology are available, but these courses and technical preparation in this specialty will require additional time in the degree program. The usual course load for graduate students is twelve credit hours per semester. Most courses provide three hours credit, but techniques and field courses may carry more credit.

A minimum of thirty-one semester hours is required for the MA or MS degree. Students with no previous experience in either terrestrial archaeology or diving techniques can expect to graduate with significantly more (field and dive) hours than the average student.

Students who wish to participate in diving must be certified as an A.A.U.S. Science Diver through the Academic Diving Program at FSU. Students must have current First Aid and CPR training including training in AED and Oxygen Administrator training.

Students with no previous diving preparation are advised to take a diving certification course during the summer before admission to graduate students at Florida State University or to take the PEN 1136 course for elementary diving certification during the first semester of registration (Fall). Because the PEN course is a 1000-level undergraduate course, it must be taken in addition to the regular course load. Tuition waivers, available to graduate students with assistantships or fellowships, do not apply to courses at this level.

Students with basic diving certification must, after admission to graduate studies, be evaluated by the Academic Diving Program as a first step in becoming certified as an A.A.U.S. Science Diver. FSU offers the following course for students wishing to become a certified A.A.U.S. Science Diver in order to take underwater archaeology courses or to participate in underwater archaeology courses. BSC 5476C. Introduction to Scientific Diving (3).

Students with no previous terrestrial archaeological field school experience are advised to enroll in a summer field school prior to entering graduate studies at Florida State University or enroll in the department Field School in Archaeology (ANG 5824—nine hours credit) as soon as appropriate for their courses of studies.

Museum Studies at Florida State University

Program Description

Specialized Study in Museum Theory and Practice at Florida State University is designed for graduate students currently working toward an MA or PhD in a related field who wish to supplement their study with training in the museum field. Graduates of the program will be qualified for careers in science centers, art museums, history museums, historic sites, ethnographic museums, natural history museums, and related institutions.

Graduate students currently enrolled in any FSU department are eligible to pursue the Specialized Study. Those who have already obtained a graduate degree may enter the program as non-degree seeking students. These students should contact both Museum Studies at (850) 645-4681 and the FSU Office of Admissions at (850) 644-6200 for more information about the application process.

Course requirements

To earn the Specialized Study, students complete eighteen credit hours: two core courses (six credits), two elective courses (six credits), and an internship (six credits). Electives are selected from courses university wide with an emphasis towards the operations and functions of museums. Departments participating in the program determine additional requirements, which may involve special assignments, qualifying papers, and projects. Students are required to remain in good academic standing with the university and a minimum grade of “B-” is necessary for courses to be counted toward fulfillment of the Specialized Study.

Core Courses

ARH 5797. Seminar in Museum Studies (3

ARH 5838. The Museum Object (3)

Selected List of Electives

Two required electives complement and emphasize an intellectual area of a student’s museum theory and practice program. Please consult with your museum theory and practice advisor and the academic coordinator of the program for approval before choosing electives. The courses listed here are only a selection that have been offered previously. Contact individual departments regarding available offerings, specific class schedules, pre-requisites and special/select topics and seminars.

Anthropology

ANG 5193r Seminar in Archaeology (3)

ANG 5194r Analysis and Interpretation of Archaeological Research (3)

Museum Internships

Students in the Specialized Study in Museum Theory and Practice program are required to complete an internship. The internship will enable the student to receive valuable training in the field and a chance to work closely with museum staff on meaningful projects. Internships should be project-driven and include work in one or more areas of the student’s interest. Although internships are mutually beneficial to both the student and the participating museum, the primary goal is to offer high quality educational and practical experience to the student. The program enjoys a collaborative relationship with museums in London, Florence and cities throughout Belgium. FSU’s extensive network of international study programs affords additional opportunities for course work and internships.

Students in the program can also benefit from the unique opportunity of studying at the FSU Ringling Center for the Cultural Arts in Sarasota, with its world-renowned fine arts museum, circus collection, historic home, and Asolo Theater. Museums located on the Tallahassee campus include the FSU Museum of Fine Arts, the Historic Textile and Clothing Collection, Special Collections at the Strozier Library and the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience. Museums in Tallahassee include Mission San Luis, the Museum of Florida History, and the Tallahassee Museum.

Requirements

Students register within the academic department of their discipline for a six-credit hour museum internship. Participants must work a total of 320 hours in an approved museum. They are encouraged to schedule their internship after they have taken the program’s two core courses.

Definition of Prefix

ANG—Anthropology: Graduate

Graduate Courses

ANG 5002. Proseminar (1). (S/U grade only). This course is intended to be taken during the first semester of the student’s graduate studies. The course is designed to acquaint the graduate student with the organization of anthropology as a profession and provide basic bibliographic tools and related anthropology skills.

ANG 5091. Seminar in Research Methods (3). This course acquaints students with the elements of scientific research designs as used in anthropology including research designs, consideration of the variations for field work and for laboratory/library projects. It also considers the format for the publication of results. Each of the elements of research design is considered and a variety of readings are utilized to understand the basic elements.

ANG 5110. Seminar in Archaeological Method and Theory (3). This seminar is an in-depth exploration of current theoretical and methodological topics in American archaeology. The aim is to develop a critical assessment and understanding of underlying principles and assumptions in the field of archaeology.

ANG 5115r. Seminar in Archaeology (3). In this course, seminar topics vary from semester to semester. Past topics have included paleodemography, quantitative methods, research design, and others. May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours.

ANG 5116. Regional Analysis in Archaeology (3). This is an advanced graduate-level seminar designed to explore archaeological approaches to modeling regional social processes. The course is restricted to graduate students who have had some training in archaeological methods and theory at the graduate level. The course considers theoretical frameworks and methodological approaches to understanding anthropological processes that are best studied with the region as the primary unit of analysis. The course also introduces students to classic and contemporary literature related to regional models in geography, anthropology and sociology, and assesses how those models have been applied in specific archaeological contexts. Students are required to gain hands-on experience conducting their own analysis of archaeological data at the regional level.

ANG 5117. Core Seminar in Archaeology (3). This course is designed to guide students to the essential works in archaeology of different parts of the world, whether they are classic readings or cutting-edge research.

ANG 5124. Archaeobotany (3). This course is an introduction to the study of humans’ use of plants during prehistoric and historic times, focusing on techniques to recover, analyze and interpret plant remains from archaeological sites.

ANG 5129. Wetlands Archaeology (3). This course provides an introduction to wet site archaeology, incorporating an overview of wet sites, their geographic distribution, methods of excavation, conservation requirements, and the field’s contribution to our understanding of the past.

ANG 5134. Nautical Archaeology of the Americas (3.) This course explores human interaction with bodies of water, particularly in the maritime environment. Illustrated presentations, readings, and discussions focus on a variety of cultures and watercraft built or used in the Americas.

ANG 5137. Nautical Archaeology: Global View (3). In this course, students study human interaction with bodies of water, particularly in the maritime environment. Illustrated presentations, readings, and discussions focus on a variety of cultures and watercraft from Asia, Australia, the Mediterranean and Europe.

ANG 5145. Origins of Complex Society (3). This course examines the evolution of ancient complex societies and theories of state origins using a comparative method involving ecological, economic and social approaches to investigate their origins, collapse and sustainability.

ANG 5155. Regional Archaeology: Southeast United States (3). This course offers a critical evaluation of special problems and processes of cultural evolution and adaptation in the southeast.

ANG 5163r. Regional Civilizations in Ancient Mesoamerica (3). This course adopts various topics, focusing on a regional civilization of Mesoamerica, such as the Maya, Olmec, or Mixtec. Aspects of prehistoric society covered include: subsistence systems, trade, social and political organizations, ideology, calendrics and astronomy, language and writing, artifacts, architecture, sculpture, and painting. The course takes the format of a seminar including presentations, research reports, and discussion. May be repeated to a maximum of nine semester hours.

ANG 5172. Historic Archaeology (3). This course serves as an introduction to the goals, methods, and theoretical base of this relatively new subfield of archaeology. Particular emphasis is placed on acculturation, ethnicity, archaeological methodology, and documentary research. Regional emphasis is on North America and the Caribbean.

ANG 5193r. Seminar in Archaeology (3). In this course, seminar topics vary from semester to semester. Past topics have included paleodemography, quantitative methods, research design, and others. May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours.

ANG 5194r. Analysis and Interpretation of Archaeological Research (3). This course explores the principles of analysis and interpretation while bridging the gap between archaeological field data and activities that produced the data. May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours.

ANG 5240. Anthropology of Religion (3). This course addresses the cultural conceptions of supernatural reality, with emphasis on comparative understanding of myth and ritual, the religious experience, and religious evolution and revitalization movements.

ANG 5242. Symbol and Ritual (3). This course is an introduction to symbolic approaches in anthropology and the study of ritual. It critically analyzes conceptual mechanisms that anthropologists use in analyzing symbolic activity. Material comes from various parts of the world.

ANG 5266. Economic and Ecological Approaches in Anthropology (3). This course is an introduction to the issues and literature of economic anthropology. The course explores exchange theory, gift and commodity distinctions, and the anthropological use of world-systems theory.

ANG 5275. Human Conflict: Theory and Resolution (3). This course provides an introduction to the nature and theories of human conflict from the interdisciplinary perspectives of biological and cultural anthropology, political economy, and the history of warfare. Particular emphasis is placed upon cross-cultural applications.

ANG 5309. Conquest of the Americas (3). This course examines the conquest of the Americas. It explores the arts of domination, power, and resistance and specific historical encounters where such arts are employed.

ANG 5352. Peoples and Cultures of Africa (3). This course approaches the study of Africa through the reading and discussion of ethnographies of African life. While situating Africa within broad historical dynamics that shaped the continent, the course also focuses on particular economic, gender, medical, political, and ritual circumstances within which people lead their lives. Ultimately, the course explores African ethnography as a key source for current questions and debates within anthropology, African studies, and other disciplines interested in the analysis of human socio-cultural life.

ANG 5426. Kinship and Social Organization (3). This course reviews historical and contemporary anthropological approaches to the study of kinship and social organization by reading and discussing ethnographies of family, marriage, and society throughout the world. Topics include classic theories of descent and alliance, symbolic approaches to kinship and social organization, genetic definitions of human relations, and the impact of new reproductive technologies on definitions of family, bringing the vast ethnographic literature on kinship to bear upon ongoing debates about definitions of family and society.

ANG 5471. Technology and Social Change (3). This course introduces the student to anthropological approaches to the study of technology and examines the relationship between technology and social change throughout human prehistory and history. The course explores the systemic relationship between technological developments and economics, politics, and social structure in both the past and present, using technology as a reference point for discussing important themes of anthropological and archaeological interest.

ANG 5478. Cultural Evolution (3). This course explores ethnographic and archaeological models to understand and explain the various forms of political and economic organizations exhibited by human societies.

ANG 5491r. Seminar in Social Anthropology (3). May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5493. Core Seminar in Cultural Anthropology (3). This course introduces students to the body of literature in cultural anthropology, including the corpus of knowledge, the basic concepts, major scholars, and the debates over current issues in the profession.

ANG 5511r. Seminar in Physical Anthropology (3). May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5513. Core Seminar in Physical Anthropology (3). This course is a fundamental guide to the nature and progress of physical and biological anthropology, and presents the primary topics. It includes both historic and modern perspectives.

ANG 5580. Biocultural Adaptation and Paleodemography (3). This course focuses on the methods and strategies of biocultural and paleodemographic analysis. While it uses substantial bodies of archaeological data, the course is primarily a physical anthropology class. The course stresses the identification of appropriate data sets and methods.

ANG 5581. Method and Theory in Human Biology (3). This course provides an overview of current methods and theory in human biology research, with emphasis on adaptation, variation, and biocultural interactions in living human populations. This course also trains students in field methods for assessment of nutrition, growth and development, stress, and health, providing training in systematic ethnographic methods and modeling biocultural interactions.

ANG 5641. Ethnopoetics (3). This course uses linguistic patterns to trace the formal structures of texts. Topics addressed in the course include oral poetry, anthropological linguistics, linguistic relativity, ethnopoetic and discourse analyses, speech genres, linguistic transcription and performance, symbolism, ethnomusicology, writing and ethnography.

ANG 5675. Core Seminar in Linguistic Anthropology (3). This course offers a broad survey of anthropological linguistics, from the origin and characteristics of human language and its relation to the other animal communication systems, to language structure and its description, principles of linguistic fieldwork, and historical/comparative linguistics. Other topics covered include the following: the interaction of language and culture; sociolinguistics; the ethnography of communication; ethnoscience; language acquisition; language policy and bilingual education; and linguistic prehistory.

ANG 5677r. Seminar in Linguistic Anthropology (3). In this course, topics offered include strong methodological and theoretical components, combined with in-depth coverage of an area or thematic subject. May be repeated to a maximum of nine semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5737. Medical Anthropology (3). This course examines health and healing in a cross-cultural and evolutionary perspective and investigates the biocultural basis of nutrition, reproduction, and health; biomedicine and other healing systems; and the role of anthropology in global public health.

ANG 5801. Field Methods in Cultural Anthropology (3). This course covers the methods and theories associated with cultural anthropological field work, from research design and project preparation to the presentation of reports based on research. Includes supervised field work projects.

ANG 5824r. Anthropological Fieldwork: Archaeology (1–9). This course focuses on the use of methodology learned in seminars. May be repeated to a maximum of nine semester hours.

ANG 5905r. Directed Individual Study (1–3). (S/U grade only). May be repeated to a maximum of twelve semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5906r. Directed Individual Study (1–3). May be repeated to a maximum of three semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5910r. Supervised Research (1–3). (S/U grade only). May be repeated to a maximum of three semester hours.

ANG 5940r. Supervised Teaching (1–3). (S/U grade only). May be repeated to a maximum of three semester hours.

ANG 5942r. Internship in Museum Studies (3–9). In this internship, collaborating museums and curatorial institutions provide students with a variety of professional work experiences, under the supervision of the student’s academic advisor and a collaborating museum professional. May be repeated to a maximum of nine semester hours within the same term.

ANG 5971r. Master’s Thesis (1–6). (S/U grade only). In this course, six semester hours of credit are required.

ANG 5976r. Master’s Thesis Defense (0). (P/F grade only.)

ANG 6484. Cultural Analysis (3). This course introduces an empirical approach to human behavior that recognizes culture as an organizing principle in all dimensions of human social life, from economic and political pursuits to gender, health, ritual, and reproduction. The course examines the place of culture in such anthropological schools as structural-functionalism, transactionalism, structuralism, symbolic anthropology, and practice theory, as well as in such alternative approaches as cultural materialism and evolutionary psychology.

ANG 6907r. Directed Independent Study (1–3). (S/U grade only). May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours within the same term.

ANG 6908r. Directed Independent Study (1–3). May be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours within the same term.

ANG 6930r. Advanced Seminar in Anthropology (3). In this course, topics vary. May be repeated to a maximum of twenty-four semester hours within the same term.

ANG 6980r. Dissertation (1–12). May be repeated to a maximum of twelve semester hours within the same term.

ANG 8964. Doctoral Qualifying Examination (0). (P/F grade only.)

ANG 8966r. Master’s Comprehensive Examination (0). (P/F grade only.)

ANG 8985. Defense of Dissertation (0). (P/F grade only.)

APPLIED BIOLOGY:

see Biological Science; Nursing

ARABIC LANGUAGE:

see Modern Languages and Linguistics